Amelia Earhart's birthplace is on North Terrace Street in Atchison, Kansas. On July 24, 1897 the noted female aviator was born in this wood frame, Gothic Revival cottage, now known as The Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum. The home, which lies off the Missouri River, was built by her grandfather, Judge Alfred Otis in 1861. Otis and his wife lived in the home until 1912, and Amelia, whose father traveled frequently as a railroad claims agent lawyer, spent much of her childhood here. In 1971 the home was designated a National Historic Site. The house changed hands a few times until it was purchased by the Ninety-Nines, an International Organization of Women Pilots, in 1984 and subsequently was turned into a museum.